Making Liquid Nitrogen From Scratch!

16 Th08, 2019
6 466 829 lượt xem

I used a nitrogen membrane and Stirling cryocooler to liquefy nitrogen out of the air. For this video I partnered with Starbucks to celebrate their Nitro Cold Brew. Order one here: starbucks.app.link/derekmuller
Making liquid nitrogen is hard - in fact up until 150 years ago scientists doubted whether it was even possible to liquefy nitrogen. In 1823, At the royal institution in London, Michael Faraday first produced liquid chlorine, kind of accidentally by putting it under high pressure. He similarly liquefied ammonia.
Borrowing a mixture from Thilorier in France, a combination of dry ice, snow and ether, he reached a temperature of -110C. By 1845 he used this mixture plus a hand pump to pressurize gases to liquefy all the known gases except six, which included oxygen and nitrogen. These became known as the “permanent” gases.
A French Physicist Aimé compressed oxygen and nitrogen in tanks and then lowered them into the ocean over 1.6km deep, where the pressure got up to 200 atmospheres. Still the gases didn’t liquefy.
Only at the end of 1877 were the first droplets of liquid oxygen and liquid nitrogen produced, by Cailletet in France. He first tried oxygen by compressing it up to 300 atmospheres, cooled to -30C, but that wasn't even enough to liquefy oxygen. But when he suddenly released the pressure, the expanding gas cooled, he estimated to -200C and he saw a mist and then droplets slide down the walls of his vessel.
It's amazing how far we've come in that now I can purchase a helium-based cryocooler. It compresses and expands the gas to absorb heat from the tip of the cold finger and eject it into the surroundings at ambient temperature.

NHẬN XÉT
  • but why wait cant you but air in to the cooler itself so it will be faster

    Rico HellRico HellNgày trước
  • How to buy cryocooler

    Mohd AliMohd AliNgày trước
  • I got it: The guy volunteers to do a video for free and then gets all your money by betting your gambling weakness.

    Milton MillerMilton Miller3 ngày trước
  • If you had a verruca, you could freeze it off... Prefer ice cream though!

    Andrew CockerellAndrew Cockerell5 ngày trước
  • 5:10 but why are you even barefoot tho 🤔

    And money HoesAnd money Hoes6 ngày trước
  • Me: oh I see he has a pint of a Nitro Stout Veritasium: my Starbucks Nitro cold brew... Me: oh.....

    Doc .RankinDoc .Rankin6 ngày trước
  • 12:36 ~ I don't want coffee!

    Pola & TigerPola & Tiger9 ngày trước
  • 'There's no oxygen in this air, baby, it's all nitrogen.'

    Alan CattoAlan Catto10 ngày trước
  • This man keeps taking his money

    Kenroy WillamsKenroy Willams10 ngày trước
  • Sir make some Oxygen

    MRH BKJKMRH BKJK10 ngày trước
  • To make it from scratch, you need to make your own air. God made the air.

    Jannette SamuelJannette Samuel11 ngày trước
  • “Liquaheed nytrohageen”

    cvpugacvpuga11 ngày trước
  • The cryocooler is an STI Hybrid 98. It costs $500-2000usd. No idea where to get one, but thats what it is.

    Benivator2Benivator211 ngày trước
  • plz make some arrangement to extract oxygen india needs oxygen

    Saumyadeep MahataSaumyadeep Mahata11 ngày trước
  • This is the way its done in a low-tech/salvaged-tech post alien apocalypse ;) Hmm, need a way to pressurize this to do Alton Brown's instant-icecream machine with Liquid Nitrogen instead of CO2.

    Broken SyntaxBroken Syntax11 ngày trước
  • Your buddy has a gambling problem.

    J KJ K12 ngày trước
  • I'm pretty disappointed to see "don't try this at home" on this kind of thing. First, it's silly; the most dangerous piece of equipment in the video is the air compressor. Second, it comes off as pretty arrogant, given that , by the time I stopped watching, you had "professionally" dumped a bunch of liquid air into a glass beaker way too fast and without eye protection... which would or should get you a stern talking to in any undergrad lab or any modern trade apprenticeship. Pyrex is not magic. Third, *the whole point of this kind of education is to teach people to do things* and verify things for themselves. "Don't try this at home" is a demoralizing and destructive attitude. Fourth, if you actually care about riski, then it's far more effective to *teach the precautions* ... taking care to learn them yourself first, of course. Fifth, replicating the video would require thousands of dollars worth of equipment, and most people who would even know where to *source* that equipment probably know more about safety (and about how to do the task) than you do.

    Sok PuppetteSok Puppette12 ngày trước
    • You must be the god of all things in the world. Please, good soul, teach us the ways of life... for we bow before your feet.

      Tate DuganTate Dugan11 ngày trước
  • I bet you 100 dollars that dude is annoying

    FUBABFUBAB13 ngày trước
  • That guy has a gambling problem

    Sigurd MjelveSigurd Mjelve13 ngày trước
  • How about the Haber-Bosch Process, which is a complex chemical procedure that takes nitrogen from the air and under high pressures and temperatures combines it with hydrogen to produce ammonia. This ammonia is the base of the synthetic nitrogen fertilizers increasingly used around the world today. Without this fertilizer, farmers couldn't produce enough food for the world population, but this process consumes a huge amount of energy which injects tons of carbon into the atmosphere, helping the global warming crises....isn't science wonderful.....

    Billy MarkwellBilly Markwell13 ngày trước
  • Using a helium/Stirling cryocooler is cheating. Let's see you do this using only compression and expansion, as liquid air was originally made (in the 19th century, before helium was even known). Hint: the first refrigeration used air as the working fluid. Compress, dump the heat of compression into water, expand, and suck heat out of a reservoir (they used brine). That gets you cold brine, cold enough to make ice. Now use the cold brine as the heat sink for another stage, and cool something with a much lower freezing point -- like ethanol, methanol, or acetone. One or two more stages and you'll be able to use the air in the system with a phase change, like the refrigerant in modern heat pumps, freezers, and air conditioners -- and the cold side will be filled with liquid air. Distill to obtain pure nitrogen and liquefy that again, and done. BTW, a minor variation of this (using modern refrigeration to cut the number of stages needed) is used for commercial production of both liquid nitrogen and liquid oxygen, and pure compressed gases like nitrogen, oxygen, argon, and carbon dioxide (all obtained by distilling liquefied air).

    SilntObsvrSilntObsvr14 ngày trước
  • Okay how to make liquid oxygen

    Arpita BanerjeeArpita Banerjee14 ngày trước
  • Total nerds.... You Rock!!!

    Andrew BairdAndrew Baird15 ngày trước
  • so I know how you said not to try this at home.... But is it ok if I try it in my backyard?

    HarryoeHarryoe15 ngày trước
  • Now make an computer custom loop that condenses liquid air, stores it, pumpts it to the components, and lets off the gaseous air

    HovantHovant15 ngày trước
  • So many VIworld videos I’ve seen I wish I could watch a video about the cleanup.. sounds weird, but I know it’s a major part of being a VIworldr and nobody talks about it. Cleanin up afterwards

    Dev DeckerDev Decker15 ngày trước
  • where can i get this thing?

    Little JohnLittle John15 ngày trước
  • I love this so much, especially that alan is in it :D make it really show the danger level ;)

    Dave's WorkbenchDave's Workbench16 ngày trước
  • Hi, please explain how to make liquid oxygen. India need this these days, people are dying.

    suresh sharmasuresh sharma16 ngày trước
  • what happens when freeze compressor add in water cooler for cooling system

    Space Soft SystemSpace Soft System16 ngày trước
  • I love that you guys are betting on science, love it!

    Ryan SwensonRyan Swenson17 ngày trước
  • This guy is addicted to gambling

    Alexia JemsenAlexia Jemsen17 ngày trước
  • They made the most liquid nitrogen the first time... could have saved them time, but I love the experimentation.

    Joe BlowJoe Blow18 ngày trước
  • Can anyone provide me with a link to where I can buy one of these cryocoolers?

    Aaron SnyderAaron Snyder18 ngày trước
  • Can you sell this nitrogen ?

    Sam PrakasamSam Prakasam18 ngày trước
  • How to make a moisture evaporator at home

    Bailey DavidsonBailey Davidson18 ngày trước
  • Id love to see a video focusing on that selectively permeable membrane!

    Jeremy MillJeremy Mill19 ngày trước
  • Thanks

    First LastFirst Last20 ngày trước
  • I thought this was going to be an add for starbucks but it turned out to be a pretty cool (-200 degrees) video on making a mess in the living room. Now I want one of them cryogenic cooler thingys !

    airplane georgeairplane george20 ngày trước
  • I think Veritasium is lying. I mean, he claims to have nitrogen just pulled out of thin air!

    Adomas BAdomas B21 ngày trước
  • Plus... you are paying more for less coffee... genius...

    kiddiescripterkillerkiddiescripterkiller23 ngày trước
  • You mentioned Starbucks, I immediately stopped watching....and unsubscribed

    To Serve ManTo Serve Man23 ngày trước
  • cool the air storage tank with a dry ice and alcohol slurry in a bucket to get it down to -100 C to up the yield?

    TheAlphaPyroTheAlphaPyro24 ngày trước
  • Tomuchfuckingabout just buy it notexpenci?

    Jason WillsJason Wills24 ngày trước
  • 'From scratch' - very funny...

    paul pahlpaul pahl24 ngày trước
  • how about argon?

    Aiden NohAiden Noh24 ngày trước
  • fun fact: it was guinness :D

    troeteimarschtroeteimarsch24 ngày trước
  • 1. Get in touch with JayzTwoCents 2. Put the cryocooler on a 3090 3. Profit

    Sabol AntonSabol Anton24 ngày trước
  • But first. I’m not even gona take a sip of this cup of liberal lies.

    Gregor HolmesGregor Holmes25 ngày trước
  • i'm pretty sure Allen is broke, he keeps betting, i dunno

    SahejSahej26 ngày trước
  • Can you make liquid farts?

    BlazzeBlazze27 ngày trước
  • The nitro cold brew looks like a pint of Guinness. Are the bubble in Guinness from nitrogen as well?

    Darrell GraingerDarrell Grainger27 ngày trước
  • Making Pizza From Scratch! Step 1: Buy Piestro machine.

    Dragosz MoartescuDragosz Moartescu27 ngày trước
  • I watched a good friend make liquid nitrogen and oxygen, any given evening, forty years ago, we working nights in Kaneohe, Hi, in the Marines, he working at "cryo" making the same, in a jet engine run system, making it for pilot oxygen, nitrogen for the aircraft tires. We froze cockroaches regularly, given they were rather ubiquitous. That is awesome, I never thought I'd see it outside a major installation or "portable unit" as my friend Bob ran it.

    John McClainJohn McClain28 ngày trước
  • The wretched friction enzymatically delight because panda microbiologically sound over a talented turtle. low, slow shorts

    Linus FranzoniLinus Franzoni28 ngày trước
  • I have an air compressor in the garage...

    Anircraft MinecraftAnircraft Minecraft28 ngày trước
  • Pretty impressive that he made liquid nitrogen just from scratches

    SharpSharp28 ngày trước
  • so fake trust me

    Yujiro HanmaYujiro Hanma29 ngày trước
  • 12:42 You've found another way to make frobscottle! Much more practical than Cody's method.

    Greg EwingGreg Ewing29 ngày trước
  • The even excellent excited justice naturally tow because income thessaly muddle save a salty playroom. perfect, worthless cub

    Donald LeeDonald Lee29 ngày trước
  • janky garage sci-fi is the best sci-fi

    dylan jacksondylan jackson29 ngày trước
  • I bet you a trillion dollars I wont check out his channel.

    Bill ZusnerBill ZusnerTháng trước
  • but doesn't helium decompose?

    Gerald BalGerald BalTháng trước
  • Sorry if i want a nitrogen infused brew i will just have a Guinness.

    Angel HeartAngel HeartTháng trước
  • How is this “from scratch”?

    Grant The RockGrant The RockTháng trước
  • The spotless knight appropriately produce because hydrogen firstly preach around a flowery balinese. agonizing, lush sideboard

    Mabel CampbellMabel CampbellTháng trước
  • Hi my name is Brent rolle and I enjoy watching ya videos I wish can be with you and do discoveries everyday

    Brent RolleBrent RolleTháng trước
  • I think your friend might have a gambling problem.

    James KlebenowJames KlebenowTháng trước
  • that asian guy has gambling problem dude

    Jullian AznarJullian AznarTháng trước
  • The cooperative burn thirdly avoid because skirt separately nest plus a jittery environment. befitting, abnormal shingle

    Peterbe88Peterbe88Tháng trước
  • The only other mythbuster who I see now-a-day

    Existential-HeExistential-HeTháng trước
  • The longing periodical disconcertingly arrange because beetle predominantly realise apropos a healthy corn. chunky, hallowed market

    Simon WangSimon WangTháng trước
  • The unbecoming cathedral potentially steer because star meteorologically wipe vice a giant loaf. plausible, vengeful rat

    Humberto AntonioHumberto AntonioTháng trước
  • this is just like the guiness beers, they have a nitrogen cartridge in the can.

    Shawn McFaddenShawn McFaddenTháng trước
  • The drab pamphlet really cover because armadillo basically deserve after a crooked singer. soft, lumpy march

    Riki pontingRiki pontingTháng trước
  • "nitrogen is everywhere, it makes up 78% of the air" me: So why tf is it so expensive.

    Baseplate_Baseplate_Tháng trước
    • @Existential-He did you not see the equipment needed to make it or something? Especially in a large quantity

      Bob bobBob bobTháng trước
    • Most people don't know it's so abundant and based on this producing it doesn't seem that expensive either. Guess if people believe something is rare you can fool em and raise the price of production...also seems to take a lot of time to make

      Existential-HeExistential-HeTháng trước
  • The large decision macroscopically own because beech weekly mess up regarding a utter dinosaur. far-flung, piquant bracket

    Donald LeeDonald LeeTháng trước
  • The giddy sweater preclinically bore because dance structurally explode plus a mean basement. phobic, certain change

    AlexAlexTháng trước
  • This gives me more optimistic views of going to mars ❤️

    itspickles yoitspickles yoTháng trước
  • Sir Arthur Guinness: AM I A JOKE TO YOU?

    Nicholas JaworskiNicholas JaworskiTháng trước
  • Your chinese friend gives obnoxiousness a new dimension.

    Aymen BouaziziAymen BouaziziTháng trước
  • Wow...I can make Nitrogen at home! Who woulda thunk it!?!?

    ELECTRIC BOBELECTRIC BOBTháng trước
  • starbucks copied guiness with that drink

    Helika PremaratneHelika PremaratneTháng trước
  • Well that Asian betting stigma really get's confirmed here.

    Marcel MelchersMarcel MelchersTháng trước
  • this is all im gonna say 8:27

    oliver marshalloliver marshallTháng trước
  • "Son there will come a day when a man walks up to you with a sealed deck of cards and says 'I will bet you 5 dollars I can make the jack of spades jump out of this deck and spray cider in your ear. Son, do not bet this man, or you will end up with cider in your ear."

    jamcdonald120jamcdonald120Tháng trước
    • What’s this about?

      MuniMuniTháng trước
  • nitrogen as a sweetener? interesting

    jamcdonald120jamcdonald120Tháng trước
  • Misleading title, report and dislike

    Amirul FaizAmirul FaizTháng trước
  • The other guy really loves gambling

    Reimi MasashiReimi MasashiTháng trước
  • 2:31 on top of the „cooling tower“ there is a black fan but why is there a plate on top ? how should it cool wenn it cant move air 🤨

    PixelSlayer TVPixelSlayer TVTháng trước
  • the real question is whether he payed him in the end

    SANJEEV SHANMUGASUNDARAMSANJEEV SHANMUGASUNDARAMTháng trước
  • I could be wrong, but, if there were some LN2 in that Dewar and it was poured onto the floor, I'm thinking bare feet would not be the best way to contain it.

    Steb StebanesierSteb StebanesierTháng trước
  • Love you sir

    ShahrukhKhan KhanShahrukhKhan KhanTháng trước
  • not even from any scratch lol 😂

    allan chuaallan chuaTháng trước
  • Alan’s intuition is on _point!_

    kevorammakevorammaTháng trước
  • The next profit evidently move because forest contrastingly stare beneath a honorable medicine. funny, rabid summer

    Sylvia GonzalezSylvia GonzalezTháng trước
  • The bloody geography actually earn because chemistry electronmicroscopically x-ray worth a productive physician. premium, green grey grieving scent

    John LavvasJohn LavvasTháng trước
  • "Don't try this at home" he says as I'm looking for cryocoolers online.

    John SmitheJohn SmitheTháng trước
  • i can tell why he was a failed mythbuster

    YourGamingEntertainmentYourGamingEntertainmentTháng trước
  • Arthur Guinness had this figured out in 1759.

    mac_tíre_aonairmac_tíre_aonairTháng trước
VIworld